Volkswagen Bus History & StoryHere's the first minivan created on the earth....? Ha..ha.. of course not..
Volkswagen bus is a big box on the Beetle chassis. They have design so strong and is was be the legend till today. Original design of the first generation created in 1949, it's the icon for this vehicle models.
After the beetle successes on the market and Volkswagen was healthy enough to created the second model, is was the Bus type, known as the Type 2. And for notes this bus was developed without input from Ferdinand Porsche who designed the original Beetle, so who did it?
Let's take a look historical development of the Volkswagen bus design.
He was never fast, but it did carry generations of dreams, belongings, and families.
First Generation (T1)
|1949 Type 2 Transporter Cargo (Prototype) |
1100cc Engine with air-cooled same like engine the Beetle. Early versions had 25 horsepower. Launched to the market 8 th March 1950
|1950-1960 Type 2 Kombi |
1950-1960 Base same 1100cc Engine had 25 horsepower. 1951 for first time microbus for passenger launched 2 variants Kombi and Deluxe to the market.
On this period Volkswagen Bus gained new features and more power.
1966 and 1967 would be the golden years for the split window Type 2 These were truly the best years from a modern sense for the old Splitty
Second Generation (T2)
Totally design is changes but still on same base, have rear engine and same beetle chassis, but more larger, sleeker, and more powerful than its predecessor.
Gone was the 11, 13, 15, 21, 23 window design, In its place was a body with big and long windows on front, rear, either side. And no more the split window.
Passenger versions dumped the double doors gone, replace with a single right-side sliding door. Face have totally change, new bus had a flatter brow with less character but stronger bumpers and better headlamps.
|The second-generation VW Bus retained an upright driving position, but gained some front crush space for better crash protection. |
All second-generation Type 2 models used the latest Beetle's 1600cc engine, 57 horsepower at 4400 rpm of torque at 3000. Horsepower was up over the first-generation, but so was curb weight, so the second-generation Volkswagen Bus not really faster than the last of the first-generation 1967s. From 0-60 mph still took about 37 seconds and top speed remained 65 mph.
There's two different styles on this generation, models before 1971 are often called the Early Bay (T2A), while models after 1972 are called the Late Bay (T2B), and both known as Bay window models.
Third Generation (T3)
|The Third Generation T3 1980-1992 |
More larger and heavier comes with more squared and less rounded styling. Why I call the third generation is the last generation? Because this generation still on the same base with a rear engine and rear wheel drive so the T3 was the final generation of rear-engined Volkswagens.
Fourth Generation (T4)
|The New Generation T4 1993-2003 |
This new generation, have new configuration front engine and front wheel drive.
Fifth Generation (T5)
|The Current Generation T5 2004-present |
Most pupolar name is Multivans / Caravelle
The fifth generation of the VW Transporter hit the market in Europe late in 2003. It is a direct successor to the T4 in its looks and utility value.
Volkswagen have cost problems, T5 Transporter is not available in the United States and Canada in any form. Instead, Volkswagen offers the Volkswagen Routan, a passenger minivan based on Chrysler LLC's Dodge Caravan, but T5 Transporter still sold under the Eurovan nameplate in Mexico.
+ In Mexico, the Volkswagen T2 Kombi and Panel were produced from 1970 to 1994.
+ Volkswagen has factories in Brazil and he's still make and producing T2 (VW Kombi) so far, until right now ^_^. (Update)
+ South African production of the T3 continued, for regional market only, until 2002.
+ And I am still waiting for new Volkswagen Microbus at 2014-2015, and I hope this not rumors.