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Volkswagen Syncro Transporter

Mar 8, 2014

Short Story of The Volkswagen Syncro Transporter

TODAY's 64th Anniversary of the Volkswagen Type 2, let's take a look at one of the finest VW bus variants ever made. It's the most powerful and reliable microbus ever built in the world... wow is that exaggerated..? Okay, let's reduce the scope… maybe the right word is "tough car ever produced by Volkswagen". Then what's so special..?

The Volkswagen Syncro Transporter is an all-terrain vehicle based on the third generation Volkswagen Type 2, they come with 4x4 drive and are the third four-wheel drive vehicle ever developed by Volkswagen seriously after Kommandeurwagen and Schwimmwagen, the last two names mentioned are light military vehicles used by NAZY during World War II.

The statement above could be true, the Syncro is one of the toughest and most versatile vehicles ever produced, can be used for the military, and is owned by civilians for fun. So, no doubt, this is the BEST VW Transporter ever made.

Awesome capture, is an ultimate adventure microbus the Volkswagen 4x4 Syncro 16" are run to chasing time at Offroad rally competition.

Over 40 years after the war ended, Volkswagen decided to modernize its 4WD system technology. The underlying reasoning was when a couple of VW engineers wanted to camp and venture away from the main areas of Africa and Europe for something a little more challenging and rough and found a lot of off-road terrains that the Westfalia camper they were using was impassable, so they decided to build a VW Syncro.

Basically, the Syncro 4WD system was developed from the Ferguson system which was invented by a Briton commonly used in Jensen's cars and was successfully tested well on the race track. As well as using its own, Volkswagen is also implementing the Syncro system on the Puch Haflinger military vehicle manufactured by the Austrian company Steyr-Daimler-Puch.

Back backward, since 1975 before the Ferguson system was used as the final basis of the Syncro system, Volkswagen has done a lot of trials and extensive testing on its 4WD own system together with the Audi Quattro system, and the result of the development, the Quattro system applied into Volkswagen Iltis which they used for German Armed Forces vehicles.

Goes to production
Starting in 1985 and finally ending in 1992. All the Syncros assembly was done in Graz, Austria concurrently with Steyr-Daimler-Puch, the first Volkswagen Syncro hit on the market in 1986 comes with 3 engine formats available in 3 body styles and not to miss the camper and RV models also. Did they solve the crowd? no..., they make expensive 4WD vans in the era. And then the big boss is unhappy, thanks to the sales not impressive tend not to work.

Some users said that's an exceptionally good 4WD vehicle and very impressive but they were let down by their engine range and believed the Syncro was designed as a vehicle ideally suited and aimed at the service sector such as particular rescue services and the military, not for long journeys or extreme overlanders. That's why currently much of Synchro's enthusiasm has swapped into the Subaru engine to increase that range.

Syncro Engine formats
1.9 L H4 (gas, water-cooled)
2.1 L H4 (gas, water-cooled)
1.6 L I4 (turbo diesel)

Syncro Body Styles
Microbus (Transporter, Panel, Camper)
Single Cab
Double Cab

How it works
The Syncro is an automatic 4x4 drivetrain system, are is a different system with usually other 4WD vehicles use. The Synchro has silicone liquid to make 4x4 get it to work, so when you drive on normal roads you'll feel the same as usual RWD car work, but when through rough or slippery roads without the intervention you'll get 4WD.

How it works, when getting into rugged or slippery terrain the viscous coupling (a Synchro special gearbox) getting works harder with more often torque or at any time the rear wheels began to slip or spin the silicone liquid automatically engages and responds, he started hot and begins to thicken then deliver pulling power to the front wheels so it makes 4x4 worked.

The viscous coupling has 4 gears plus "G", the G is a very low ratio gear that was very useful for going to Off-Road Playgrounds or down extreme slopes.

Remember, when you feel the 4x4 doesn't work, please check the silicone liquid condition, it same as the lubricant engine that needs renewing when has expired or is exhausted.

We hope this article be useful for some prospective enthusiasm.
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